Foods That Cause Acid Reflux | List Of Top 10 Foods To Avoid

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Heartburn or acid reflux occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing discomfort and irritation. While occasional heartburn is common and usually manageable, frequent episodes can lead to complications and decrease the quality of life. Dietary modification is one of the most effective methods to manage acid reflux. Certain foods are known to trigger or worsen symptoms of acid reflux. Let’s delve into top 10 foods that Cause acid reflux.

Understanding Acid Reflux

Before we discuss the specifics of dietary recommendations, let’s briefly explain acid reflux and how it occurs. The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a ring of muscle located at the entrance of the stomach. Its primary function is to close after food passes through to prevent stomach acid from flowing back into the esophagus. When the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) becomes lax, it permits stomach acid to travel in the opposite direction, up into the esophagus, leading to the discomfort known as acid reflux.

Foods to Avoid

Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and limes are highly acidic. The acidity in these fruits can exacerbate acid reflux symptoms by irritating the esophagus and triggering discomfort. While they are rich in vitamin C and other nutrients, individuals prone to acid reflux may need to limit their consumption of citrus fruits to manage their symptoms effectively.


Fresh tomatoes and tomato-based products like sauces and juices are known to have an acidic nature. The high acidity levels in tomatoes can relax the LES and contribute to acid reflux. For individuals prone to acid reflux, minimizing or avoiding tomatoes and tomato-based products may be beneficial to prevent symptom flare-ups.

Spicy Foods

Spicy foods contain compounds like capsaicin, which can irritate the esophagus lining and exacerbate acid reflux symptoms. Additionally, spicy foods may stimulate the production of stomach acid, further increasing the risk of reflux. Common culprits include hot peppers, chilli powder, and spicy sauces. While some people may tolerate spicy foods well, others may find that they trigger uncomfortable symptoms of acid reflux.

Fatty and Fried Foods

High-fat and fried foods can delay stomach emptying and relax the LES, making it easier for stomach acid to reflux into the esophagus. Burgers, fries, pizza, and creamy sauces are examples of high-fat and fried options that may worsen acid reflux symptoms. Opting for leaner protein choices and healthier cooking methods like grilling or baking can reduce acid reflux risk.

Foods That Cause Acid Reflux- trendyfuss.com

Carbonated Beverages

Consuming carbonated drinks like soda and sparkling water may elevate intra-abdominal pressure, pushing stomach acid upward into the esophagus and provoking symptoms of heartburn. The bubbles in carbonated beverages can also expand the stomach, leading to discomfort and reflux. Individuals prone to acid reflux may benefit from choosing non-carbonated drinks such as water, herbal tea, or diluted fruit juice to quench their thirst and minimize symptoms.


Consuming chocolate can increase acid reflux symptoms, as caffeine and cocoa relax the LES and stimulate acid production. While it can be tempting to indulge in chocolate treats, individuals with acid reflux may need to limit their intake or opt for alternative snacks to manage their symptoms effectively.

Onions and Garlic

Onions and garlic contain compounds that can relax the LES and increase stomach acidity, making them potential triggers for acid reflux. These flavorful ingredients are commonly used in cooking and can be found in various dishes, sauces, and condiments. For individuals prone to acid reflux, reducing the amount of onions and garlic in their diet or opting for milder alternatives may help alleviate symptoms and improve comfort.


While mint is often associated with soothing digestive discomfort, it can relax the LES and worsen acid reflux symptoms in some individuals. Peppermint, spearmint, and mint-flavoured products such as teas, candies, and chewing gum may contribute to reflux symptoms. Although mint can temporarily relieve some digestive issues, individuals suffering from acid reflux may need to restrict or moderate their consumption to avoid exacerbating symptoms.


Alcoholic beverages can relax the LES and increase stomach acid production, making them common triggers for acid reflux. Beer, wine, spirits, and cocktails potentially exacerbate reflux symptoms in susceptible individuals. Alcohol has the potential to irritate the esophagus lining, which can cause inflammation and discomfort. For those with acid reflux, moderating or avoiding alcohol consumption may help reduce the frequency and severity of symptoms.

Foods That Cause Acid Reflux-trendyfuss.com


Drinking caffeinated beverages like coffee, tea, and energy drinks can relax the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and trigger increased acid production in the stomach. This combination of factors heightens the likelihood of experiencing acid reflux symptoms. While caffeine affects individuals differently, many people find that consuming caffeinated beverages can trigger or worsen reflux symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation. Limiting caffeine intake, especially before bedtime, may help improve sleep quality and reduce nighttime reflux episodes.


In summary, adjusting your diet to exclude specific foods can significantly aid in managing and preventing acid reflux symptoms. By avoiding acidic, spicy, fatty, and irritating foods, individuals can effectively lessen the frequency and intensity of heartburn episodes. Pay attention to your body’s signals and recognize which foods exacerbate your symptoms, as individual triggers may differ. Embracing a well-rounded diet abundant in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can further bolster digestive health and decrease the likelihood of experiencing acid reflux. Remember that prioritizing prevention is essential for effectively managing acid reflux and enhancing overall well-being.

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